Rise / Rose 上升；升高；升起
If you remember rise with sun, it will be easier for you to distinguish rise from the other two verbs that are going to show up here.
For example, keeping with the sun topic, in the sentence:
- The sun rises in the east.
Rise can also be used to indicate that something abstract is going up, as for example in
- Gas prices are rising again!
This sense can convey a positive meaning when we are speaking, for instance, of moods or expectations.
- My expectations rose when the pretty blonde girl at the bar looked at me.
Raise / Raised 舉起；提起 ; 增加；提高
You should be able to easily distinguish raise from rise if you just remember raise is transitive, which means it will be followed by a direct object (a WHAT).
- The student raised his hand to answer the question.
Raise can be a noun, too, especially talking about salaries, as in the following example:
- I hate Pete. He's been given yet another (pay) raise.
Arise / Arose 發生；出現 ; 起身
Last but not least, we have a third verb: arise. And its meaning? While it's true that it can replace rise, meaning "to get up from sitting, lying, or kneeling", this usage is fairly outdated and only used in very formal contexts.
- "Arise, Lord Snow!" - Said Queen Daenerys after Jon Snow had bent his knee.
When do we use arise, then? Mainly when we want to convey the meaning of something coming into being, originating or occurring.
- The opportunity arose for Rick to purchase a 1554 Spanish shipwreck gold bar.
- Tell a personal experience related to rise / raise / arise
- Make sentences from the words