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每日跟讀#675: Thailand to set up center to combat ‘fake news’

成立反假新聞中心 泰政府否認箝制言論自由

· 每日跟讀單元 Daily English

每日跟讀#675: Thailand to set up center to combat ‘fake news’

上週三(21),泰國政府宣布將會成立中心反擊社交媒體上流竄的假新聞,並否認使用該中心來壓制言論自由。

Thailand’s government on Wednesday announced a plan to set up a center to combat unverified news on social media platforms, rejecting concerns that it might be used to suppress free speech.

數字經濟及社會部部長Buddhipongse Punnakanta表示,該中心的設立宗旨是要打擊各種假新聞,但會特別針對災難及金融的相關錯誤訊息。

The planned center’s goal would be to fight all kinds of fake news, with a focus on misinformation about disasters and financial matters, Minister of Digital Economy and Society Buddhipongse Punnakanta said.

Punnakanta說道,該中心也會教導大眾媒體識讀,並成立網站檢視遭民眾檢舉、有假新聞疑慮之新聞。

He said the center would also teach media literacy and launch a website that would act as a digital verifier of news that people suspected of being fake.

Punnakanta說:「民眾可以提交任何他們懷疑未經證實的、或可能引發恐懼及混淆的新聞,網站及我們的官員會在兩個小時內檢視它的真實性。」

“People can submit any news they’re suspicious of being unauthenticated, or that could incite fear and confusion to the public, to the website and our officials would verify its authenticity within two hours,” he said.

該中心及網站預計在十月推出。

The center and the website are expected to be launched by October.

然而此計畫已經收到了許多批評。在野的未來前進黨(Future Forward Party)發言人在上月曾表示,他們都在憂心假新聞的影響,並指責政府利用假新聞來打擊政敵,但是發言人表示對於成立這樣一個打擊假新聞的中心仍然保有疑慮。

The plan has already drawn criticism. A spokeswoman for the opposition Future Forward Party said last month that it shared concerns about fake news, which it said has been used to attack the government’s opponents, but was skeptical about setting up such a center.

「一旦反假新聞中心成立,我們害怕的是它並不是真的用來反擊假新聞或停止扭曲資訊,反而被用來更進一步打擊政府的反對者。假新聞是全球每個國家都面臨的問題,我們認為最有效的方法是精進大眾的媒體識讀能力,而非壓制言論。」未來前進黨發言人說道。

“If the anti-fake news center is officially founded, we are afraid that it won’t truly combat fake news or stop distorting information, but rather aid the destruction of the government’s opponents. Because this is a global issue that every country is facing, we think that the most effective method would be encouraging people to have more media literacy, not suppressing content.”

Buddhipongse則表示該中心不會干涉言論自由。

Buddhipongse said the center would not interfere with freedom of speech.

「我們並沒有要成為自衛隊,也不會被特定群體利用去合理化他們或是其他人的行為。」Buddhipongse說道。

“We’re not trying to act as a vigilante, and will not be used as a tool by some group of people to justify their action, or someone else’s actions,” he said.

許多東南亞國家都被假新聞問題所困擾。有專家表示社交媒體上帶有仇恨言論的假訊息,助長了緬甸境內對穆斯林少數的暴力攻擊。假新聞也為最近正在選舉的印尼及菲律賓帶來不少麻煩。

The issue of fake news has become a major concern in several Southeast Asian nations. Critics have said misinformation circulated on social media, often with malicious intent, helped stir up communal violence in Myanmar, especially toward the Muslim minority. It also plagued recent elections in Indonesia and the Philippines.

反擊假新聞的同時,民眾也憂心政府會利用此機會遏止言論自由並打擊政敵。

At the same time there are concerns that government efforts against fake news may curb free speech and be used as a weapon against political opponents.

泰國已經有電腦犯罪法條管理電子媒體,政治活動及批評政府等相關案件也引用過該法條。

Thailand already has a Computer Crime Act that polices online media. It has often been used in cases involving politics and critics of the government.

Buddhipongse表示,為了抵抗假新聞問題,該中心需要與泰國境內廣泛使用的社交媒體包含Facebook及LINE合作。Buddhipongse指出,他的部門已經在與這些平台聯繫。

Buddhipongse said that in order for the center to counter the fake news problem, it needs cooperation from widely used social media platforms in Thailand such as Facebook or the Line messaging app. He said his ministry was already in touch with these media platforms.

Source article: https://chinapost.nownews.com/20190827-713016

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