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每日跟讀#698: About Southeast Asia - Indonesia will relocate capital to Borneo as Jakarta continues to sink

東南亞 - 印尼將遷都 泰銖匯率創新高

· 每日跟讀單元 Daily English

每日跟讀#698: About Southeast Asia - Indonesia will relocate capital to Borneo as Jakarta continues to sink

印尼總統佐科威(Joko Widodo)昨(26)日宣布,將首都從超過1000萬人口、開發過度的雅加達,遷都到東加里曼丹。該區域位於婆羅洲島,遠離目前位於爪哇島的雅加達。

The President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo, said on Aug. 26 that the capital city would be relocated to the province of East Kalimantan on the island of Borneo, from the current capital of Jakarta, on the island of Java. Such decision was made as Jakarta is an overdeveloped city with more than 10 million residents.

據悉,遷都最迫切的首要原因是氣候變遷,由於雅加達正在下沉,專家學者推測在2050年前,雅加達的北方約有九成五都會在水面底下。

The primary reason of relocation is to address the concern that climate change is accelerating the sinking of Jakarta. Experts have estimated that by 2050, 95 percent of North Jakarta will be under the threat of being submerged.

其次原因是改善區域資源分配不均的問題。事實上,印尼約2.5億人一半以上都集中在爪哇島,人口稠密所引發的交通問題、汙染問題一直無法得到妥善的解決,佐科威的遷都計畫或許會是解方。

Another reason is due to the imbalance in resource allocation and development as a nation. Indonesia is home to around 250 million people, while more than half of the population lives on the island of Java. Overpopulation has caused challenging problems such as heavy traffic and pollution that do not have solutions yet. Relocation of capital might potentially be one.

印尼政府計畫從2024年開始搬遷,預估將投入約466兆印尼盾(約330億美元;一兆台幣)。

The Indonesian government plans to start the relocation in 2024 and the project is expected to cost 466 trillion rupiahs (around $33 billion; NT$1 trillion).

Next

Thai Baht’s soaring exchange rate breaks record泰銖匯率創新高 豪奢血拼回不去

受惠於美中貿易戰,外資資金與工廠紛紛轉移到在東南亞政局相對穩定開放的泰國,並推動泰國經濟與泰銖匯率的上升,使泰銖兌美元攀升到30.65兑一美元,來到近六年的歷史新高。

Recently, the Thai Baht’s exchange rate has risen to 30.65 Baht to 1 USD, reaching a six-year record high. Due to the US-China trade war, foreign funds have poured into Thailand, a relatively stable nation in Southeast Asia.

台灣有不少愛泰一族,每年總要到泰國旅遊數次,不過今年以來泰銖一路走升,到泰國度假的成本大漲,讓不少人感嘆,住豪華旅館、血拼購物的泰國行「回不去了」!

Thailand is also one of the travel hotspots for Taiwanese, but the soaring value of the Baht has led to higher traveling costs.

台灣銀行今日台幣兌泰銖現金牌掛匯率已是1.0817,意味著要兌換一萬元泰銖,得花10817元台幣才換得到,很多人會到泰國的SuperRich換匯,而泰國SuperRich也掛出0.985的高價,亦即一萬元泰銖要用10152元台幣換,不過匯率還是比台灣好很多,但比去年同時期的台幣兌泰銖1:0.95上下的匯率,要多花大約六百多元台幣才換得到。相較之下,如果暑假非赴泰國旅遊不可,可帶台幣到泰國銀行換匯。

Bank of Taiwan’s exchange rate today stood at 1.0817, which means 10,000 (THB) to 10,817 (TWD). SuperRich, a Thai currency exchanger, provides a higher exchange rate at 0.985. However, the exchange rate has dropped by 1 (TWD) to 0.95 (THB) year-on-year. In contrast, it still be advantageous for Taiwanese visitors to exchange currency in Thailand.

Source article: https://chinapost.nownews.com/20190827-712785 ; https://chinapost.nownews.com/20190827-713244

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