Return to site

Climate change impact on animals ‘under-appreciated’: study

 

氣候變遷對動物的影響恐遭低估

· 每日跟讀單元 Daily English

While most studies seek to predict global warming’s future impact on animal survival, new research has found that, for “large numbers” of threatened species, the damage is already being done. Data suggests that “the impact of climate change on mammals and birds in the recent past is currently greatly under-appreciated,” according to a study in the journal Nature Climate Change last week.

多數關於全球暖化的研究著眼於預測未來異常氣候對動物造成的影響,但一篇於上週發表於《自然氣候變化》期刊的新研究發現,全球暖化已然對許多動物的生存造成威脅與傷害。該研究顯示,「過去幾年來哺乳動物和鳥類在氣候變遷下所受的影響被大幅低估。」

Researchers have amassed data from 136 previous studies, looking at 120 mammal and 569 bird species. They compared documented changes in climate with growth or decline in population sizes, geographic ranges, body mass, and reproductive and survival rates. The team then extrapolated the data to all land mammals and birds listed as threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

研究人員蒐羅了一百三十六篇針對一百二十種哺乳類和五百六十九種鳥類的研究,並利用過去的氣候變化資料對照比較這些動物的數量、地理分布、體積、繁殖率和生存率,再將獲得的數據外推至所有被國際自然保育聯盟列為受到威脅的陸上哺乳動物和鳥類。

Of all animals identified by the study as likely to have “responded negatively” to climate change, only 7 percent of mammals and 4 percent of birds were recognized by the IUCN as threatened by “climate change and severe weather.”

在該研究認為可能受到氣候變遷「負面影響」的動物名單中,只有百分之七的哺乳動物和百分之四的鳥類被國際自然保育聯盟列為「受到氣候變遷和極端天氣的威脅」。

Endangered primates and elephants are among the groups squeezed hardest by global warming, partly because they reproduce slowly and thus take longer to adapt to rapid environmental changes, they reported. Many of the hardest-hit bird species are aquatic birds, as aquatic environments are considered among the most vulnerable to temperature increase, the researchers added.

研究指出,瀕危的靈長類和大象為全球暖化下最大的受害者,因為牠們繁衍後代的速度較慢,所以適應環境變化也較慢;此外,在全球暖化下受到最大衝擊的鳥類多半是水鳥,因為水中受到溫度變化的影響最大。

Climate change can affect animals by limiting food and water, spreading disease and shrinking habitats.

氣候變遷影響動物生存的方式包括減少食物和水、造成疾病擴散、縮小棲地等。

Source article: http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/lang/print/2017/02/22/2003665435

All Posts
×

Almost done…

We just sent you an email. Please click the link in the email to confirm your subscription!

OKSubscriptions powered by Strikingly