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COP23 writes rule book

落實巴黎協定 波昂氣候高峰會議至關重要

· 每日跟讀單元 Daily English

The 23rd session of the Conference of the Parties (COP23) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was held in Bonn, Germany, from Nov. 6 to 17.


This was the first major international climate conference since US President Donald Trump announced his intention to withdraw the US from the Paris Agreement.


On Oct. 30, prior to the opening of the conference, the World Meteorological Organization released data showing 2017, with its rapid succession of extreme weather events such as hurricanes, flooding and droughts, is to be the hottest year since records began.


Two years ago, 195 countries reached an agreement in Paris, promising to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, especially carbon dioxide, and to keep the temperature increase within 1.5 degrees Celsius. The agreement, which is to come into force three years after the signing, is a milestone in the fight against global warming. To implement the provisions in the agreement, it was necessary to plan a “rule book” for how it is to be implemented. The focus of the Bonn summit was to continue negotiations on the details, including ways to implement and verify carbon reduction, its technologies and tools, and sources of funding.


Although Taiwan, which is not a member of the UN, was not allowed to participate in this summit, since Taiwan’s formal announcement in 2009 to promote meaningful participation of the UNFCCC, Taiwan has participated in COP meetings as an observer representing an NGO, the Industrial Technology Research Institute. This year, Taiwan planned to participate in COP23 in the same capacity, but due to China’s intervention, its delegation was barred from entering the venue.


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