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每日英語跟讀 Ep.862: Calgary Zoo returning pandas to China due to bamboo barriers 竹子運補難 加拿大將貓熊送還中國

· 每日跟讀單元 Daily English

每日英語跟讀 Ep.862: Calgary Zoo returning pandas to China due to bamboo barriers

The Calgary Zoo will be returning two giant pandas on loan from China because a scarcity of flights due to COVID-19 has caused problems with getting enough bamboo to feed them. Er Shun and Da Mao arrived in Canada in 2014 as part of a 10-year agreement between Canada and China. After spending five years at the Toronto Zoo, the two adult giant pandas arrived at the Calgary Zoo in March 2018 with cubs Jia Panpan and Jia Yueyue.

加拿大卡加利動物園將歸還從中國借來的兩隻貓熊,因為武漢肺炎所造成的航班稀缺,沒辦法運來足夠的竹子來餵養貓熊。加拿大和中國簽署了一份為期十年的協議,貓熊二順與大毛便在二?一四來到了加拿大。牠們在多倫多動物園待了五年,後來這兩隻貓熊和牠們所生的小貓熊加盼盼和加悅悅一起到了卡加利動物園。

The zoo’s president, Clement Lanthier, said last week the facility spent months trying to overcome transportation barriers in acquiring fresh bamboo and decided it’s best for the animals to be in China, where their main food source is abundant.

卡加利動物園園長克萊蒙‧蘭提耶上週表示,園方花了數月的時間嘗試解決新鮮竹子的運補問題,後來做出結論——對這些貓熊來說,待在中國是最好的,因為在中國,牠們有充裕的主食來源。

“It’s about the animals. At the end of the day, we cannot pretend that we care for animals if we don’t take those tough decisions,” Lanthier said. “We believe the best and safest place for Er Shun and Da Mao to be during these challenging and unprecedented times is where bamboo is abundant and easy to access.” Lanthier said the zoo had contingency plans for a steady supply of fresh bamboo, but limits on flights from China was the first problem. Transporting more from California added even more frustrations. “Every week, every 10 days there is more and more problem moving bamboo to Calgary. This risk is unacceptable. We don’t feel comfortable at all that we can impose that risk on the health and the welfare of the pandas.” According to Lanthier, the animals didn’t like some kinds of bamboo and other supplies that arrived were past their expiry point.

「這是為了動物著想。畢竟,我們如果不做出這艱難的決定,就不能假裝我們是愛護動物的」,蘭提耶說。「我們相信,在這充滿挑戰及不可預見情況的時期,對二順和大毛來說最理想、最安全的地方,就是竹子充裕且容易取得的地方」。蘭提耶表示,卡加利動物園有確保新鮮竹子穩定供應的應變計畫,但第一個問題是,來自中國的航班受到限縮。從加州運多些竹子來,就更令人挫折。「每過一週、十天,運竹子到卡加利所要面臨的問題就越來越多。這種風險是無法接受的。我們一點都不願意給貓熊的健康與福祉帶來這種風險」。蘭提耶說,貓熊不喜歡吃某些品種的竹子,以及運達時已過期的其他補給品。

Giant pandas have unique nutritional requirements and 99 percent of their diet is made up of fresh bamboo. Each adult consumes about 40kg daily. Lanthier said the news came as a bit of a shock to the Chinese government. In other locations where pandas are exhibited — such as France, Spain and parts of Asia — bamboo can be grown locally.

貓熊有獨特的營養需求,新鮮竹子佔了貓熊飲食的百分之九十九。每隻成年貓熊每天要吃大約四十公斤的竹子。蘭提耶說,決定送還貓熊的消息令中國政府感到震驚。在其他展示貓熊的地方——例如法國、西班牙和一些亞洲地區——當地都可以種植竹子。

He said the pandas had been one of the biggest draws at the Calgary Zoo, but the decision wasn’t one about business. “It’s based on animal welfare. I cannot imagine if one day, two days, three days in a row I am unable to provide the bamboo. That would be catastrophic.” There’s no date for when the pandas will return home. Lanthier doesn’t want the Canadian and Chinese governments to delay things. “We need the federal government and the Chinese government to expedite the permit process, so we can move them back to where this risk of not getting their next meal will be managed differently,” he said.

他說,貓熊是卡加利動物園吸引遊客的最大賣點之一,但送還貓熊這個決定跟生意無關。

「這是基於動物的福利。我不能想像如果連續一天、兩天、三天無法提供竹子。那會很悲慘」。貓熊送回中國的日期尚未確定。蘭提耶不希望加拿大和中國政府拖延此事。他說:「我們需要聯邦政府和中國政府加快許可證辦理程序,以便我們將貓熊運送到不用擔心下一餐沒著落的地方」。

Source article: https://www.taipeitimes.com/News/lang/archives/2020/05/19/2003736635

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