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每日英語跟讀 Ep.923: Colleges Face Rising Revolt by Professors 重返大學校園 美國教授很有意見

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每日英語跟讀 Ep.923: Colleges Face Rising Revolt by Professors

College students across the country have been warned that campus life will look drastically different in the fall, with temperature checks at academic buildings, masks in half-empty lecture halls and maybe no football games.

全美國的大學生都已經接獲警告,今年秋季的校園生活將會與以往大不相同,教學大樓內會有體溫檢測站,空了一半的教室裡大家必須戴上口罩,而且可能不會有美式足球比賽了。

What they might not expect: a lack of professors in the classroom.

他們可能意想不到的情況是:教室裡少了教授。

Thousands of instructors at American colleges and universities have told administrators in recent days that they are unwilling to resume in-person classes because of the pandemic.

美國各學院與大學已有數以千計的教師近日告訴校方,由於新冠肺炎疫情嚴重,他們不願恢復面對面的授課。

More than three-quarters of colleges and universities have decided students can return to campus this fall. But they face a growing faculty revolt.

全美超過四分之三的學院和大學已經決定讓學生今年秋天重返校園,但他們面臨到愈來愈多教師的反抗。

“Until there’s a vaccine, I’m not setting foot on campus,” said Dana Ward, 70, an emeritus professor of political studies at Pitzer College in Claremont, California, who teaches a class in anarchist history and thought. “Going into the classroom is like playing Russian roulette.”

現年70歲、在加州克萊蒙匹澤學院教授無政府主義歷史與思想課程的政治學榮譽教授達娜.沃德說:「在疫苗出現之前,我不會踏進校園。走進教室就像在玩俄羅斯輪盤。」

This comes as major outbreaks have hit college towns this summer, spread by partying students and practicing athletes.

It is hard to predict how many professors will refuse to teach face to face in the fall. But schools and professors are planning ahead.

這是因為今年夏天各地的大學城都爆發大規模疫情,由聚會狂歡的學生與做訓練的運動員傳播開來。目前很難預測有多少教授會拒絕在秋季進行面對面教學,但學校跟教授們都正在未雨綢繆。

A Cornell University survey of its faculty found that about one-third were “not interested in teaching classes in person,” one-third were “open to doing it if conditions were deemed to be safe,” and about one-third were “willing and anxious to teach in person,” said Michael Kotlikoff, Cornell’s provost.

康乃爾大學教務長麥可·柯里考夫表示,一項對教職人員的調查發現,約有三分之一「無意親自授課」,另有三分之一「在情況被視為安全的前提下,願意親自授課」,剩下的大約三分之一則「願意且渴望親自授課」。

Faculty members at institutions including Penn State, the University of Illinois, Notre Dame and the State University of New York have signed petitions complaining that they are not being consulted and are being pushed back into classrooms too fast.

在包括賓州州立大學、伊利諾大學、聖母大學與紐約州立大學在內的一些院校,教職人員已連署請願書,抱怨校方沒有徵詢他們的意見,並且過早逼他們重回教室。

The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign campus is known for its lively social scene, says a faculty petition. To expect more than 50,000 students to behave according to public health guidelines, it goes on, “would be to ignore reality.”

一份教職人員請願書中寫道,厄巴納-香檳伊利諾大學以社交活動熱絡聞名,指望5萬多名學生按照公衛準則行事「是無視於現實」。

At Penn State, an open letter signed by more than 1,000 faculty members demands that the university “affirm the autonomy of instructors in deciding whether to teach classes, attend meetings and hold office hours remotely, in person or in some hybrid mode.” The letter also asks for faculty members to be able to change their mode of teaching at any time, and not to be obligated to disclose personal health information as a condition of teaching online.

在賓州州立大學,一封有1000多名教職人員連署的公開信要求校方「確認教師在決定遠距、親自或以某種混合模式授課、參加會議與安排輔導時間上,擁有自主權」。信中還要求讓教職人員能隨時改變教學模式,且不得以強制披露個人健康資訊作為允許他們從事線上教學的條件。

“I shudder at the prospect of teaching in a room filled with asymptomatic superspreaders,” wrote Paul M. Kellermann, 62, an English professor at Penn State, in an essay for Esquire magazine, proclaiming that “1,000 of my colleagues agree.”

現年62歲的賓州州立大學英語教授保羅.凱勒曼在君子雜誌上發表文章寫道,「一想到要在一間充滿無症狀患者的教室裡教課,我就不寒而慄」,並聲稱「我有1000位同事跟我有同感」。

Source article: https://paper.udn.com/udnpaper/POH0067/355531/web/

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