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每日英語跟讀 Ep.926: About animals - Humans can tell what chimps are saying... sort of 人類可以聽懂黑猩猩與哥國狗狗外送

· 每日跟讀單元 Daily English

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每日英語跟讀 Ep.926: About animals - Humans can tell what chimps are saying... sort of

New research published Wednesday shows that humans can tell when a chimpanzee is happy, sad, angry or scared - simply by listening to their cries.

週三發表的新研究顯示,人類只要聽叫聲,就能分辨出黑猩猩究竟是開心、難過、生氣或害怕。

"We demonstrate for the first time that humans can accurately map other species vocalisations to specific behavioural contexts," Roza Kamiloglu, a researcher at the University of Amsterdam and lead study author, told AFP.

「我們首度證實,人類可以準確將其他物種發出的聲音,對應到特定行為情境」,該研究報告第一作者、阿姆斯特丹大學研究員卡米洛格魯告訴法新社。

Kamiloglu and the team asked close to 3,500 participants to listen to recordings of 150 chimp sounds, then decide based on what they heard if the animal was in a positive or negative situation, and whether it was excited or relaxed.

卡米洛格魯及其團隊要求將近3500名參與者,聆聽150種黑猩猩聲音的錄音檔,然後根據所聽到的聲音,判定猩猩當下是處於正面或負面情境,以及牠是興奮還是放鬆狀態。

Around 300 participants were then asked to match sounds to a list of 10 behaviours, including chimps mating, being separated from their mothers, or being scared by something.

約300名參與者接著必須將聽到的聲音與10種行為配對,包括黑猩猩交配、與母親分離或受到驚嚇等。

The humans proved surprisingly adept at understanding the correct context in which the cries were recorded.

結果證實,人類竟出乎意料地能輕易理解黑猩猩發出叫聲當下所處的正確情境。

Next Article

Doggy deliveries help Colombians shop during pandemic 狗狗外送員幫助哥倫比亞人在疫情下購物

Eight-year-old Eros trots through the streets several times a day with a straw basket in his jaws, taking vegetables, fruit and packaged foods to customers of the El Porvenir mini-market. The chocolate Labrador retriever is paid with treats and massages of his furry head.

在一天當中,8歲的「艾洛斯」會數次快步穿越街道,嘴裡叼著一個草籃,將蔬菜、水果和包裝食品送去給艾爾.波韋尼爾小型市場的顧客,客人再賞給這隻巧克力色的拉布拉多犬點心,或揉揉牠毛茸茸的頭。

"He helps us maintain social distancing," says Eros’ owner Maria Natividad Botero. "And people love it when we send the dog."

艾洛斯的主人瑪莉亞.那堤維達德.波特洛說:「牠協助大夥兒維持社交距離,大夥兒也喜歡我們派牠送貨。」

Eros remembers the names of customers who have previously rewarded him with treats. And with some practice, he has learned to go to their houses on his own.

艾洛斯記得之前賞過牠點心的顧客的名字。在練習後,牠也學會自己去每個人的家。

"He knows the names of five or six of our customers," said Botero. "So I send the merchandise with a receipt in the basket, and my customers pay me through a bank transfer."

波特洛說:「牠知道5、6位顧客的名字,所以我把商品和收據放在籃子裡,顧客再把購買的錢透過銀行轉帳給我。」

Eros is happy to help his owners and collect his pay. "He’s quite a glutton. He won’t leave your house until you give him a treat."

艾洛斯樂於在幫忙主人時收到回報。「牠可貪吃了,除非給牠點心,不然牠可不會離開你家。」

Source arcticle: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1391305 ; https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1390608

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