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每日英語跟讀 Ep.991: Colleges Slash Budgets in the Pandemic,With ‘Nothing Off-Limits’ 大學連爆財務危機 哈佛也難逃

· 每日跟讀單元 Daily English

每日英語跟讀 Ep.991: Colleges Slash Budgets in the Pandemic,With ‘Nothing Off-Limits’

Ohio Wesleyan University is eliminating 18 majors. The University of Florida’s trustees last month took the first steps toward letting the school furlough faculty. The University of California, Berkeley, has paused admissions to its doctoral programs in anthropology, sociology and art history.

美國俄亥俄衛斯理大學取消了18個科系。佛州大學董事會9月採取初步措施,目標是讓校方有權放教師無薪假。柏克萊加州大學則暫停招收人類學、社會學和藝術史的博士班學生。

As it resurges across the country, the coronavirus is forcing universities large and small to make deep and possibly lasting cuts to close widening budget shortfalls. By one estimate, the pandemic has cost colleges at least $120 billion, with even Harvard University, despite its $41.9 billion endowment, reporting a $10 million deficit that has prompted belt tightening.

由於全美各地新冠肺炎疫情再度惡化,美國各大學不論規模大小,都被迫大砍支出,以彌補逐漸擴大的預算缺口,刪減的支出可能長期都不會恢復。有人估計,疫情至少使美國各大學合計損失1200億美元,就連坐擁419億美元辦學基金的哈佛大學也出現1000萬美元預算赤字,被迫勒緊褲帶。

The persistence of the economic downturn is taking a devastating financial toll, pushing many to lay off or furlough employees, delay graduate admissions and even cut or consolidate core programs like liberal arts departments.

經濟持續疲軟造成極其嚴重的財務災情,迫使許多大學裁員或放無薪假,推遲研究所學生入學,甚至取消或合併文科等核心學程。

The University of South Florida announced last month that its College of Education would become a graduate school only, phasing out undergraduate education degrees to help close a $6.8 million budget gap. In Ohio, the University of Akron, citing the coronavirus, successfully invoked a clause in its collective-bargaining agreement in September to supersede tenure rules and lay off 97 unionized faculty members.

南佛州大學上個月宣布,其教育學院將只留下研究所,分階段取消大學部,以彌補680萬美元的預算缺口。在俄亥俄州,艾克朗大學以疫情為由,在9月成功援用團體協約一項條款取代任期規則,裁掉97名加入工會的教師。

“We haven’t seen a budget crisis like this in a generation,” said Robert Kelchen, a Seton Hall University associate professor of higher education who has been tracking the administrative response to the pandemic. “There’s nothing off-limits at this point.”

西東大學高等教育副教授柯爾欽一直在關注校方對疫情的反應,他說:「這是一個世代以來從未見過的預算危機,在這種關頭,沒有什麼不能碰。」

Even before the pandemic, colleges and universities were grappling with a growing financial crisis, brought on by years of shrinking state support, declining enrollment, and student concerns with skyrocketing tuition and burdensome debt. Now the coronavirus has amplified the financial trouble systemwide, though elite, well-endowed colleges seem sure to weather it with far less pain.

早在疫情爆發前,美國大專院校就為日益嚴重的財務危機而掙扎,原因是州政府補助日漸減少,學生註冊數下滑而且介意學費高漲和學貸負擔沉重,如今,疫情擴大了整個高教體系財務問題,不過,辦學基金厚實的菁英大學似乎可度過難關,且承受的痛苦會少得多。

“We have been in aggressive recession management for 12 years — probably more than 12 years,” Daniel Greenstein, chancellor of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education, told his board of governors as they voted to forge ahead with a proposal to merge a half-dozen small schools into two academic entities.

賓州高等教育體系董事會表決通過,大力推動將6個小規模學院併為兩個學術單位,當時總校長葛林斯坦對董事會說:「我們積極從事於衰退問題管理已有12年,應該還不止12年。」

Source article: https://paper.udn.com/udnpaper/POH0067/359091/web/

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