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每日英語跟讀 Ep.998: In Amish Country, the Future Is Calling 「不用汽車讓我們凝聚」 但未來正在召喚艾美許

· 每日跟讀單元 Daily English

每日英語跟讀 Ep.998: In Amish Country, the Future Is Calling

A young woman, wearing a traditional full-length Amish dress and white bonnet, stepped away from a farmers market, opened her palm and revealed a smartphone. She began to scroll through screens, seemingly oblivious to the activity around her.

Not far away, a man in his late 60s with a silvery beard, wide-brimmed straw hat and suspenders adjusted the settings on a computer-driven crosscut saw. He was soon cutting pieces for gazebos that are sold online and delivered around the country.

一名穿著艾美許傳統長衣裙、戴白色帽子的年輕女子,從一個農民市集走出來,她張開手掌,露出一支智慧型手機。她開始滑手機螢幕,似乎對四周的活動渾然不覺。

不遠處,一名年近70、蓄銀白山羊鬍、頭戴寬邊草帽、穿吊帶褲的男子,調整了電腦控制的橫切鋸的設定。他即將切割木料以製作涼亭,成品在網路上銷售,運送到全國各地。

The Amish have not given up on horse-drawn buggies. Their rigid abstinence from many kinds of technology has left parts of their lifestyle frozen since the 19th century: no cars, TVs or connections to electric utilities, for example.

But computers and cellphones are making their way into some Amish communities, pushing them — sometimes willingly, often not — into the 21st century.

艾美許人沒有放棄馬車。他們嚴格戒絕多種科技產品,以致部分生活方式停留在19世紀:例如,沒有汽車、電視或與電力公司的連結。

然而,電腦和手機正打入一些艾美許人的社區,把他們推進21世紀──他們有時候甘願如此,但通常不是。

New technology has created fresh opportunities for prosperity among the Amish, just as it has for people in the rest of the world. A contractor can call a customer from a job site. A store owner’s software can make quick work of payroll and inventory tasks. A bakery can take credit cards.

But for people bound by a separation from much of the outside world, new tech devices have brought fears about the consequence of internet access. There are worries about pornography; about whether social networks will lead sons and daughters to date non-Amish friends; and about connecting to a world of seemingly limitless possibilities.

就和世上其他人一樣,艾美許人也因新科技而獲得發達的新機會。包商可以從工地打電話給業主。商店老闆的軟體可以快速處理有關薪水和盤點的工作。麵包店可以收受信用卡。

不過,對於藉由與大部分外在世界隔絕而凝聚在一起的人來說,新科技裝置帶來對於上網後果的恐懼。擔心網路色情人侵;擔心社群網站會讓兒女與非艾美許人的朋友約會;擔心與一個似乎有無限可能的世界接觸。

“Amish life is about recognizing the value of agreed-upon limits,” said Erik Wesner, an author who runs a blog, Amish America, “and the spirit of the internet cuts against the idea of limits.”

John, who works a computerized saw at Amish Country Gazebos near Lancaster, Pennsylvania, likened it to the prohibition on automobiles.

經營「艾美許的美國」部落格的作者艾瑞克.韋斯納說:「艾美許人生活的基礎是認可大家同意的限制的價值,而網路的精神與限制的概念牴觸。」

在賓州蘭開斯特市附近的「艾美許鄉村涼亭」商店用電腦化鋸子的約翰,用不准使用汽車來打比方。

“Not using cars is a way of keeping us together,” he said. (Like most of the people interviewed for this article, he declined to give his surname, out of an Amish sense of humility; many refrained from having their faces photographed for the same reason.)

“There’s always a concern about what would lead our young folk out of the church and into the world,” John added.

The internet also threatens another Amish bonding agent: For a society in which formal education ends after eighth grade, youngsters learn a trade or craft alongside a relative or other member of the community.

他說:「不用汽車是讓我們凝聚在一起的一種方式。」(如同這篇報導訪問的大多數人,他不願透露他的姓氏,出於艾美許人的謙遜;許多人基於相同理由不願意讓人拍攝他們的臉。)

約翰接著說:「會引導我們的年輕人走出教堂,走進世界的東西,總是讓人們不安。」

網路也威脅到艾美許人的另一種粘著劑:這個社會裡的正式教育在八年級之後結束,年輕人跟著一位親戚或社群的其他成員學習一門行當或一種手藝。

Source article: https://paper.udn.com/udnpaper/POH0067/319692/web/

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