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每日英語跟讀 Ep.K238: 工作「有趣」與睡眠充足能降低失智症風險 About Dementia - Having an ’interesting’ job cuts your risk of dementia, study claims

· 每日跟讀單元 Daily English

每日英語跟讀 Ep.K238: About Dementia - Having an ’interesting’ job cuts your risk of dementia, study claims

Having an interesting job in your forties may slash your risk of getting dementia in old age, a study has suggested.

一項研究顯示,40多歲時從事有趣的工作,或可大大降低老年時罹患失智症的風險。

Researchers claim mental stimulation may stave off the onslaught of the memory-robbing condition by around 18 months.

研究人員指出,腦力鍛煉或可將失智症發作的時間推遲約18個月。

Academics examined more than 100,000 participants and tracked them for nearly two decades.

學者在近20年時間內對10萬多名參與者進行追蹤調查。

They spotted a third fewer cases of dementia among people who had engaging jobs which involved demanding tasks and more control — such as solicitors, doctors and chief executives, compared to adults in ’passive’ roles — such as cashiers.

他們發現,與收銀員等被動型職業相比,律師、醫生等要求高、自主性也更強的從業者,患失智症的比例少3分之1。

And those who found their own work interesting also had lower levels of proteins in their blood that have been linked with dementia.

另外,從事有趣工作的人,血液中與失智症相關的蛋白質含量也更低。

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Sleeping too little or too much can increase risk of getting dementia, study finds 研究:睡太少或太多都會升高失智症風險

Older adults who sleep six hours or fewer a night may have elevated risk for dementia and other cognitive issues, a new study finds.

一項新研究發現,老年人每晚睡眠時間不超過6小時,罹患失智症和其他認知問題的風險可能更高。

Researchers at Stanford University measured seniors’ (ages 65 to 85) dementia risk and cognitive abilities, finding higher risk in those patients who regularly slept six or fewer hours compared to those who slept seven or eight hours.

史丹佛大學大學的研究人員測量了老年人(65至85歲)的失智症風險和認知能力,發現與睡眠7到8小時的患者相比,經常睡6小時或更少的人罹患失智症的風險更高。

Those seniors who slept nine or more hours also had lower cognitive functions and other health issues, but the researchers didn’t find the same high dementia risk in this group.

那些睡9個小時或更多小時的老年人,也有較低的認知功能和其他健康問題,但研究人員沒有發現這一組的失智症風險同樣高。

The findings demonstrate how important it is for adults to maintain a healthy sleep cycle, especially as they get older.

研究結果表明,成年人保持健康的睡眠週期是多麼重要,尤其在步入老年之後。 Source article: https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1476541; https://features.ltn.com.tw/english/article/paper/1473843

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