每日英語跟讀 Ep.K311: The Winter Games — a different kind of Olympics
The first so-called modern Olympics took place in 1896 in Athens, Greece. But the inaugural Winter Olympics were not held until 1924 in Chamonix, France.
From 1924 to 1992, the Winter and Summer Olympics were the same year. In ’92 the Winter Games were celebrated in Albertville, France, followed by the Summer Games in Barcelona, Spain.
Then change came.
Since 1994, an Olympics has been held every two years. The ’94 Winter Olympics took place in Lillehammer, Norway, followed by the Summer Games in 1996 in Atlanta, the US. Nagano, Japan, was next in 1998 with the Winter Games. That pattern was broken by the postponement of the 2020 Tokyo Summer Games until 2021 because of the coronavirus pandemic.
The Beijing Winter Games opened on Friday last week, just six months after Tokyo closed. They’ll be followed by the Summer Olympics in 2024 in Paris, France. Here’s a breakdown of why things have unfolded as they have.
WHY WERE THE GAMES MOVED TO EVERY TWO YEARS?
Olympic historian Bill Mallon suggests the International Olympic Committee (IOC) was looking for more revenue. The IOC, he says, “thought they could get more sponsorship money by spreading the Games out more.” Every two years also kept the Olympics in the public eye, and the move dovetailed with the increasing commercialization and professionalization of the Games.
BEIJING: FIRST FOR BOTH WINTER AND SUMMER
Beijing is the most unlikely city to be the first to host both Summer and Winter Olympics. Of all the Winter Olympic hosts, it has the least tradition in winter sports.
Beijing was a longshot for 2022 until six European countries — including favorites Norway and Sweden — dropped out for cost or political reasons. Germany and Switzerland said “no” in referendums. The IOC was left to choose between Beijing and Almaty, Kazakhstan. The Beijing Winter Olympics are expected to draw about 2,900 athletes from about 90 national Olympic committees. The Tokyo Olympics six months ago attracted 11,000 from just over 200 national bodies.
北京2022冬奧本是幾乎不可能的計劃，直到六個歐洲國家 - 包括最受歡迎的挪威和瑞典 - 由於成本或政治原因退出。德國和瑞士在公投中說"不"。國際奧會只能在北京和哈薩克阿拉木圖之間做出選擇。
北京冬奧會預計將吸引來自約90個國家奧會的約2900名運動員。六個月前的東京奧運會吸引了來自200多個國家機構的11000人。 Source article: https://www.taipeitimes.com/News/lang/archives/2022/02/08/2003772708