Welcome to 15mins.today the home of English Shadowing. I'm your host Gavin and this is InTense Episode 46.
Well guys, we're still busy with nouns, so we are going to be looking at something else and these are pronouns. Now pronouns are words we used to replace a noun, as in, “Is that Mary’s car?” and we would say, “Yes, it is her car.” The her we changed Mary to a pronoun. We could change dog to it and we do this to avoid repetition. So they're very, very common and I try to push them, because I know in Taiwan many people struggle with that, because they don't understand that if it's a person who is female or an animal that's female we change it to her. So, it is very difficult for many of my students to cope with and to get used to it. So, pronouns and we do it as I said to avoid repetition, and it gets very annoying if you don't do it, from personal experience I used to work on a help desk and I had one customer who would phone me and just use my name all the time, Hi Gavin, How are you Gavin? What's going on Gavin? Well Gavin, after 10 minutes of this I promise you, you are ready to climb the walls, because you don't want to hear your name, you want to hear you.
Well there you go, so we're going to be looking at pronouns. Now there are quite a few number of pronouns, eight or nine different kinds, I can't exactly remember, but today we're going to be starting with the first one and that would be personal pronouns. Now personal pronouns are probably in some ways the most common and they are: I, me, mine, my, you, your, yours, he, him, his, she, her, hers, it for singular and for plural ones we have we, our, ours, you, your, yours, they, them, their, theirs and it's. Well those are the personal pronouns and if you notice we use them a lot and if you notice in the previous episodes I actually stopped using them because we were practicing the noun, so we did not change Maryto her. But now we are going to use them again, so let's start with personal pronouns and again I will underline them in the transcript below. Ok, let's look at our examples!
Is Jane happy? Yes, she is happy.
Is Jane happy? No, she is not happy.
Is the dog clean? Yes, it is clean.
Is the dog clean? No, it is not clean.
Are John and Mary busy? Yes, they are busy.
Are John and Mary busy? No, they are not busy.
Are you going to the fair? Yes, I am going to the fair.
Are you going to the fair? No, I am not going to the fair.
Do you like me? Yes, I like you.
Do you like me? No, I don't like you.
Is John attending the seminar? Yes, he is attending it.
Is John attending the seminar? No, he is not attending it.
Is that your dog? Yes, it is mine.
Is that your dog? No, it is not mine.
Are you happy? Yes, we are happy.
Are you happy? No, we are not happy.
Do you have to stop for red lights? Yes, you have to stop for red lights.
Do you have to stop for red lights? No, you do not have to stop for red lights.
Well there you go guys, I hope you use these examples to practice. Keep repeating and that's our first episodes on pronouns. Ok, so again I will underline the pronouns in the transcript below. Ok, have a great day and catch you next time, bye!