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文法跟讀 In-Tense Ep.055: Compound Adjectives 複合形容詞

· 文法跟讀單元 In-Tense

Welcome to 15mins.today, the home of English Shadowing, I am your host Gavin, and this is InTense Episode 55. Well guys, we are busy with adjectives, and in the first 2 in this series we did common adjectives and proper adjectives, and so today we are going on to number three.

They're called compound adjectives. Now, interestingly enough, it is sort of easy to recognize them. Usually not always, because what they are, they are words that are made up of more than one word. So normally you would see like what they call a hyphen or a dash in between them, a minus, if you are confused. So, it is a word that consists of two words that are joined together by a little dash, minus, hyphen and that then is an adjective. So, something like a far-off country.

So, far off, 2 words that you know, make up one with a hyphen and they describe a country or ready-made if you buy some pancakes ready-made pancake mix there you go. So that describes the pancake mix. Anyway, so that's it, it is quite easy to spot them, and they have a hyphen. Usually, not always some words not, like teenage, one word, “A teenage person.” There are no hyphens, but most of the ones I've seen thus far have a hyphen, so easy to recognize. And again, I will reiterate this every time, it is not important that you recognize that, oh, this is a compound adjective. As long as you can recognize an adjective. So, without further ado, let’s us look at our examples.

Was it a last-minute plan? No, it was not a last-minute plan.

Is it a full-length movie? Yes, it is a full-length movie.

Is it a full-length movie? No, it is not a full-length movie.

Do you have any short-term plans? Yes, I have some short-term plans.

Do you have any short-term plans? No, I don't have any short-term plans.

Do they sell high-quality products? Yes, they sell high-quality products.

Do they sell high-quality products? No, they do not sell high-quality products.

Is the bread gluten-free? Yes, the bread is gluten-free.

Is the bread gluten-free? No, the bread is not gluten-free.

Is the company world-famous? Yes, the company is world-famous.

Is the company world-famous? No, the company is not world-famous.

Is the music old-fashioned? Yes, the music is old-fashioned.

Is the music old-fashioned? No, the music is not old-fashioned.

Was your happiness short-lived? Yes, my happiness was short-lived.

Was your happiness short-lived? No, my happiness was not short- lived.

Is it a family-friendly movie? Yes, it is a family-friendly movie.

Is it a family-friendly movie? No, it is not a family-friendly movie.

Well, there you go guys. There are our examples, as per usual. I will underline the hyphenated words in the transcript, and you will be able to see them, Easy Peasy Lemon Squeezy, as we say, I hope you found it useful. Keep practicing, keep repeating and I'll catch you in the next one. Bye, bye!

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