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文法跟讀 In-Tense Ep.063: Adverbs 副詞

· 文法跟讀單元 In-Tense

Welcome to 15 minutes dot today the home of English Shadowing, I am your host Gavin and this is In-Tense Episode 63. Well guys we have finished with Verbs and now we will go on to the next part which isadverbs and adverbs are words that describe verbs, adjectives and other adverbs. So, in this first part of adverbs we are going to be looking at adverbs. Ohh I keep wanting to say adjectives, right? Yeah, we are gonna be looking at adverbs that describe verbs. Okay, now the first thing we have to speak about in this regard is “Good.” Now I watch a lot of YouTube, like many of you do, I am sure and when you watch YouTube from America you will hear it very, very commonly said, “You did good.” Now good is an adjective, the adverb for “good” is “well.” So, “You did well. I am well.” Meaning how I'm feeling. So, if you are telling somebody they did well, you say, “You did well.” But when you watch YouTube or you speak to an American person, they like to use good as an adverb, okay? Is this grammatically incorrect? Yes, NO , but that's how people speak, and I mean in the beginning it used to sound very crazy to me. But the more you listen to it, it is moving into American English in some ways, so “You did good.” I still struggle to say that I would rather say, “You did well.” But, personally I don't think it's such a huge issue. So, adverbs are words that describe the verb and one tip to recognise them easily is the fact that they have a ly so quickly, carefully, accurately. So, a lot of times we put a LY on an adjective and that changes it into an adverb. Not always though. Yeah, I wish it was that easy. So, we have that strange one good and well. So, these are adverbs, and they tell us about the verb. About how it happened or what happened. “He ran quickly.” OK. “He ate his food happily.” So happily describes the eating. Okay, so let's get started. It's quite simple. Okay, let's look at our examples.

Did Peter do well? Yes, Peter did well.

Did Peter do well? No, Peter did not do well.

Does Jane run quickly? Yes, she runs quickly.

Does Jane run quickly? No, she does not run quickly.

Did the dog eat greedily? Yes, it ate greedily.

Did the dog eat greedily? No, it did not eat greedily.

Is the project being done successfully? Yes, it is. Being done successfully.

Is the project being done successfully? No, it is not. Being done successfully.

Was Jane swiftly punished? Yes, she was swiftly punished.

Was Jane swiftly punished? No, she was not swiftly punished.

Is the movie unbearably long? Yes, it is unbearably long.

Is the movie unbearably long? No, it is not unbearably long.

Are John and Peter utterly confused? Yes, they are utterly confused.

Are John and Peter utterly confused? No, they are not utterly confused.

Did Andrew answer truthfully? Yes, he answered truthfully.

Did Andrew answer truthfully? No, he did not answer truthfully.

Did Amanda arrive late? Yes, she arrived late.

Did Amanda arrive late? No, she did not arrive late.

Can James drive fast? Yes, he can drive fast.

Can James drive fast? No, he cannot drive fast.

Was Jeff viciously attacked? Yes, he was viciously attacked.

Was Jeff viciously attacked? No, he was not viciously attacked.

Did Susanna eat more? Yes, she ate more.

Did Susanna eat more? No, she did not eat more.

Did Sarah smile sweetly? Yes, she smiled sweetly.

Did Sarah smile sweetly? No, she did not smile sweetly.

Did the government act swiftly? Yes, they acted swiftly.

Did the government act swiftly? No, they did not act swiftly.

Well, there you go guys, some adverbs. Okay, so in this context we used adverbs that describe verbs now. The eagle eyed among you or the great listeners among you would have noticed they were a few of them that did not have ly. And again, pretty simple, if you want to know which ones those are use Google. Just Google a list of adverbs that do not have ly or ly on them, and you will find a list. I can honestly tell you this is so weird, to do it that I actually had to Google a list of adverbs and I found one to use them. Because for some reason I'm a pretty dumb today and I couldn't think of that many examples except for well and good. So, easy remember, adverbs describe in this context verbs. They also describe other things, but we will do those in the next few episodes. Well, thanks for listening. Listen to the questions, repeat answer and keep repeating, till you get it right. Have a great day and I'll catch you in the next episode. Bye.