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· 每日跟讀單元 Daily English

About Japan - Asia Welcomes Travelers, but Japan Says, Not Yet

In a normal year, this would be peak season for tourism to Japan. But as the cherry blossoms burst into bloom along Kyoto’s ancient, temple-lined alleys and boat tours ply the waters of Tokyo’s flower-lined rivers, Japanese tourists largely have the spectacular display to themselves.
 

在正常情況的年份,此時正是日本旅遊旺季。但隨著櫻花盛開於古剎林立的京都巷弄,以及遊覽船往返花卉夾道的東京河川的水域,這些盛況大抵上僅限日本的遊客獨享。

The country sealed its borders to most foreign travelers early in the pandemic and has only recently begun to allow a slow drip of students and business people to return.

該國在武漢肺炎疫情大流行之初就對大多數外國旅客封鎖邊境,直到最近才允許留學生與商務客慢慢回流。

Those hoping to visit Japan for fun, shouldn’t hold their breath. Despite the national tourism organization’s wishful thinking, Koichi Wada, the head of Japan’s tourism agency, told parliament last month that“it’s exceedingly difficult to forecast the long-term trends for inbound tourism.”

那些希望能赴日觀光旅遊的人可有得等了。儘管日本國家旅遊局想得很美,日本觀光廳長官和田浩一上個月告訴國會,「很難預測入境觀光的長期趨勢。」

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Topic: Vietnam plans border reopening, includes Taiwanese among list of potential travelers

越南因應疫情暫停國際觀光客到訪已逾一年半,慶和省近日研擬重新恢復國際旅遊,並將台灣旅客視為潛在目標族群。越南知名渡假景點芽莊市就位於慶和省。

Taiwan is on the list of potential countries allowed to send travelers to Vietnam as the nation’s Khanh Hoa Province (慶和省) recently released plans to reopen borders for international travelers.

網路媒體越南快訊(VnExpress)引述越南政府網報導,慶和省(Khanh Hoa)政府昨天向越南文化體育旅遊部遞交兩階段的疫苗護照計畫草案,歡迎外國旅客搭乘包機前來旅遊。

According to VnExpress, Khanh Hoa’s local government submitted a draft of a two-stage vaccine passport program to the Vietnamese Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism (越南文化體育旅遊部) on Oct. 5 hoping to welcome foreign travelers into the region.

第一階段從11月起至年底,外國旅客須搭乘包機抵達,並待在金蘭市(Cam Ranh)的渡假村裡。第二階段則是明年初至明年3月,屆時旅客將能造訪更多景點與芽莊市的渡假村。

The first stage is scheduled to begin near the end of November, and travelers need to take charter flights to the country and stay at the resort at Cam Ranh (金蘭市), the proposal stated.

The second stage is planned to start from January to March 2022, during which visitors will be able to visit more attractions and resorts in Nha Trang (芽莊市).

慶和省將鎖定來自COVID-19(2019冠狀病毒疾病)疫情防範得宜且疫苗施打率高的國家與地區的旅客,例如中國、日本、韓國、台灣、俄羅斯、澳洲、法國、德國以及部分北美國家。

Khanh Hoa Province currently welcomes travelers from countries whose COVID-19 situation has been successfully controlled and have a high vaccination rate for its population.

As of Tuesday, countries that fit both categories according to the local government include China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Russia, Australia, France, Germany, and some areas in North America.

旅客必須要持有完整的疫苗接種證書,且所施打的疫苗廠牌必須獲越南核可。

Travelers need to show vaccination proof and the vaccine manufacturers need to be recognized by the Vietnamese government.

目前越南共計核准8款疫苗緊急使用,包括阿斯特捷利康(AstraZeneca,AZ)、嬌生(Johnson & Johnson)、莫德納(Moderna)、輝瑞BNT(Pfizer-BioNTech)、俄羅斯衛星-V(Sputnik V)、中國國藥(Sinopharm)、Hayat-Vax、阿布達拉(Abdala)。

As of press time, Vietnam has authorized 8 types of vaccines, including AstraZeneca (AZ), Johnson & Johnson, Moderna, Pfizer-BioNTech, Sputnik V, Sinopharm, Hayat-Vax and Abdala. Source article: https://chinapost.nownews.com/20211008-2813742

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Topic: Airlines targeting post-pandemic ‘revenge travel’

The blow caused to the airline industry by the COVID-19 pandemic has been especially felt by budget airlines, which mostly operate narrow-bodied passenger jets and have therefore been unable to develop a sideline in air freight during the pandemic. According to one academic’s analysis, when the outbreak stabilizes, businesses are targeting a trend in so-called “revenge travel.” However, she also hopes that, rather than the pre-pandemic price wars between budget airlines, the consolidation that has taken place during the pandemic will restore healthy competition in the industry.

疫情衝擊航空界,其中廉航受限於機隊多為窄體客機,無法發展貨運,受疫情衝擊更大。學者分析,業者瞄準疫情穩定後的「報復性出遊」,但也希望疫情前廉航削價競爭的情況,能因疫情重整,回歸良性競爭。

According to associate professor Melody Dai of National Cheng Kung University’s Department of Transportation and Communication Management Science, costs per flight have not changed during the pandemic, but if carriers are required to implement social-distancing seating plans, leaving empty seats between passengers, this would eat into airlines’ profit margins, causing a fresh headache for the industry. Dai says she hopes that budget airlines will manage to survive, since they help stimulate Taiwan’s domestic tourism sector as well as the wider economy.

成大交通管理學系副教授戴佐敏說,每航班成本不變、但座位未來若須採間隔座導致收入減少,確實是疫後的難題,希望廉航仍有生存空間,對促進觀光與經濟有正面幫助。

Dai says that choosing to operate flights during the pandemic is a test of airlines’ ability to sustain losses, but the crisis may also prove to be a turnaround for the industry. Dai says there are many variables to the pandemic. She says that once the outbreak stabilizes, if the demand for “revenge travel” exceeds supply, this could resolve the pre-pandemic situation of supply exceeding demand, which led to price wars among budget airlines. The consolidation that the pandemic has triggered within the airline industry could bring about a return to healthy competition, says Dai.

戴佐敏認為,選擇在疫情期間開航,考驗航空公司「虧本」的能力,不過危機也有可能是轉機,疫情仍有變數,疫情穩定後的「報復性出遊」若需求大於供給,疫情前廉航供過於求、削價競爭的情況,這次可能因疫情重整,回歸良性競爭。

One industry insider stated that, despite the lockdowns and reduced number of travelers and flights during the pandemic, the industry is bullish about post-pandemic prospects for both freight and passenger travel in the flourishing Asian region. The insider added that a trend in “revenge travel” could cause short-haul routes to become particularly busy.

業者指出,雖然國境仍然封鎖,疫情期間每週班次不多,旅客也非常少,但看好疫情後亞洲旺盛的物流、人流,預估疫情趨緩後將出現「報復性出遊」,亞洲短程航線將會更繁忙。Source article: https://www.taipeitimes.com/News/lang/archives/2021/09/12/2003764205

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