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Pregnancy changes brain in ways that may help mothering

懷孕會改變女性大腦構造,做好當母親準備

All you need is just 15mins today! 每天給自己15分鐘學英語

Pregnancy changes a woman’s brain, altering the size and structure of areas involved in perceiving the feelings and perspectives of others, according to a first-of-its-kind study published Dec. 19 last year.

去年十二月十九日公佈的一項研究顯示,懷孕會改變女性大腦某些部位的大小和結構,這些區域關係到對他人的感受和看法,這是首次進行的此類研究。

In the study, researchers scanned the brains of women who had never conceived before, and again after they gave birth for the first time. The results were remarkable: loss of gray matter in several brain areas involved in a process called social cognition or theory of mind, the ability to register and consider how other people perceive things.

在這項研究中,研究人員掃描了從未懷過孕的女性的大腦,然後在她們第一次生育後再次進行掃描。結果很明顯:有一些腦部區域中的灰質減少了,這些區域涉及社會認知或心理理論過程,指的是注意和考慮他人如何感知事物的能力。

Pregnancy may help a woman’s brain specialize in “a mother’s ability to recognize the needs of her infant, to recognize social threats or to promote mother-infant bonding,” said Elseline Hoekzema, a researcher at Leiden University in the Netherlands, who led the study at the Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona in Spain.

荷蘭萊頓大學的研究員艾斯琳·赫澤馬解釋說,懷孕有助於女性的大腦專注於培養「一個母親意識到嬰兒的需求,意識到社會威脅,以及拉近母嬰關係的能力」。赫澤馬領導了最近在西班牙巴塞隆那自治大學進行的這項研究。

The researchers also scanned the brains of 17 men who were not fathers and 19 first-time fathers before and after their partners’ pregnancies. The two male groups showed no difference in brain volume.

研究人員也掃描了十七名沒有做過父親的男子的大腦,和十九位首次為人父的男子的大腦;在他們的伴侶懷孕前後各掃描了一次。結果顯示,這兩組人的腦容量並無差異。

Source article: http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/lang/archives/2017/01/16/2003663156

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