返回網站

Scientists have found out the origin of traces of water on Mars

科學家已發現火星上水痕的起源

· 每日跟讀單元 Daily English

Traces of water on the surface of Mars, found in recent years by NASA satellites, arose due to the melting of ice on the edges of large Martian craters after the fall of meteorites, according to an article published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters.

根據一篇刊登在「地球物理研究通訊」期刊的文章,美國國家航太總署的衛星近年來發現,火星表面的水痕肇因於隕石墜落後,在大型火星隕石坑邊緣所融化的冰。

Scientists have found many hints that on Mars in ancient times there were rivers, lakes and entire oceans, comparable to our Arctic.

科學家們已發現許多線索,顯示古火星可能擁有河、湖和整個海洋,可和我們的北極圈比擬。

Many scientists to wonder how liquid water got to Mars and how it could have survived long enough to form a network of shallow but branched channels on the crater slopes.

許多科學家想知道液態水怎麼出現在火星,又怎麼能存在如此之久,以至於在隕石坑的邊緣形成淺而縱橫的水道。

David Weiss’s team noticed that all the channels and valleys of the "freshest" rivers are located where the melted fragments of soil and rocks that were thrown out when the asteroid collided with the surface of Mars were to fall.

韋斯的研究團隊注意到,所有「最新鮮」的河道和河谷,都位於小行星和火星表面相撞時,被拋出的土壤及岩石的熔化碎片。

As the calculations of geologists have shown, this heat should be enough to melt the significant reserves of ice under the surface of Mars and get enough water that can pierce these channels.

地質學家的計算顯示,(小行星和火星表面相撞的)熱量應該足以溶化火星表面底下的大量儲冰,獲得足夠充盈這些水道的(液態)水。

Source article: http://iservice.ltn.com.tw/Service/english/english.php?engno=1123149&day=2017-07-31

所有文章
×

快要完成了!

我們剛剛發給你了一封電郵。 請點擊電郵中的鏈接確認你的訂閱。

好的