Article from CDC: https://www.cdc.gov/disasters/earthquakes/during.html
Drop. Cover. Hold on. 趴下、掩護、穩住
In most situations, you can protect yourself if you immediately:
- DROP down onto your hands and knees before the earthquake knocks you down. This position protects you from falling but allows you to still move if necessary.
- COVER your head and neck (and your entire body if possible) underneath a sturdy table or desk. If there is no shelter nearby, get down near an interior wall or next to low-lying furniture that won’t fall on you, and cover your head and neck with your arms and hands.
- HOLD ON to your shelter (or to your head and neck) until the shaking stops. Be prepared to move with your shelter if the shaking shifts it around.
If you are inside, stay inside. 在室內時，待在室內
DO NOT run outside or to other rooms during an earthquake. You are less likely to be injured if you stay where you are.
DO NOT stand in a doorway. You are safer under a table. In modern houses, doorways are no stronger than any other part of the house. Doorways do not protect you from the most likely source of injury − falling or flying objects.
If you are in a high-rise building, drop, cover, and hold on. 在高樓時，趴下、掩護、穩住
- Move away from windows and outside walls.
- Stay in the building.
- DO NOT use the elevators. The electricity may go out, and the sprinkler systems may come on.
If you are outside, stay outside. 在戶外時，待在戶外
- Move away from buildings, utility wires, sinkholes, and fuel and gas lines. The greatest danger from falling debris is just outside doorways and close to outer walls of buildings.
- Go to an open area away from trees, telephone poles, and buildings. Once in the open, get down low and stay there until the shaking stops.
If you are in a moving vehicle, stop as quickly and safely as possible. 在行車時，立刻停下找安全地方
- Move your car to the shoulder or curb, away from utility poles, overhead wires, and under- or overpasses.
- Stay in the car and set the parking brake. A car may jiggle violently on its springs, but it is a good place to stay until the shaking stops.
- Turn on the radio for emergency broadcast information.
隨堂考 What should you do when an earthquake hits ?
- When you are in your bedroom?
- When you are in the mall?
- When you are in your car?