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每日英語跟讀 Ep.K342: 俄入侵烏克蘭 「分裂網」加劇 Russia’s invasion is accelerating "splinternet", French envoy says

· 每日跟讀單元 Daily English

每日英語跟讀 Ep.K342: Russia’s invasion is accelerating splinternet, French envoy says

Russia’s war in Ukraine is hastening the arrival of the “splinternet” (also referred to as cyber-balkanization or Internet balkanization), a forced division of cyberspace under the control of competing political blocs, France’s digital affairs envoy, Henri Verdier said.

法國數位事務大使亨利·維迪爾(Henri Verdier)說,俄羅斯在烏克蘭的戰爭加速了"分裂網"(也稱為網路巴爾幹化)的到來,這是在相互競爭的政治集團控制下被迫分裂網路空間。

As Russia accelerates domestic online censorship and Ukraine calls for Russia to be taken offline, Verdier said any transition by Russia to move toward an independent Internet “would have very severe consequences.” He warned that nation-states might be more tempted to launch devastating cyberattacks they were sure they would be insulated from the results.

隨著俄羅斯加速國內在線審查,烏克蘭呼籲俄羅斯下線,Verdier表示,俄羅斯對於網路獨立的任何行為 "都將產生非常嚴重的後果"。他警告說,民族國家可能更傾向於發動毀滅性的網路攻擊,他們確信自己將與結果絕緣。

“Today if I break the Russian Internet, probably I will break my own Internet, because it’s the same,” Verdier said, arguing the shared nature of the World Wide Web protected all users from losing service.

"今天,如果我打破了俄羅斯的互聯網,我可能會打破我自己的互聯網,因為它是一樣的,"Verdier說,他認為網際網路的共用性質保護了所有使用者免於失去服務。

“If we have two or three or four Internets, the temptation to disconnect the other will be very high,” warned Verdier, adding that authoritarian countries could try to take democratic countries offline if such mutual dependence were lost.

"如果我們有兩個、三個或四個網際網路,斷開彼此的連接的誘惑將非常高,"Verdier警告說,並補充說,如果失去這種相互依賴,威權國家可能會試圖讓民主國家離線。

The comments from Verdier, who visited Washington to discuss the war with his counterparts at the US Department of State, the National Security Council, underscore growing concern that Russia could realize its suspected intention to establish a more “sovereign” Internet. Web policy experts, geopolitical analysts and individual web users in Moscow previously suggested that Russian leadership would use the war to advance such plans.

Verdier訪問了華盛頓,與美國國務院國家安全委員會的同行討論戰爭,他的評論突顯了人們越來越擔心俄羅斯可能會實現其建立更"主權"網際網路的可疑意圖。莫斯科的網路政策專家、地緣政治分析人士和個人網路使用者此前曾表示,俄羅斯領導層將利用這場戰爭來推進此類計劃。

Since Moscow’s invasion of Ukraine, Russia has sped up its Internet isolation, increasing domestic online censorship by blocking Meta Inc.’s Facebook and Instagram, and limiting Twitter Inc., for example. Companies such as Apple Inc., Microsoft Corp. and Netflix Inc. have also limited their presence, while some foreign Internet service providers have started to withdraw services.

自莫斯科入侵烏克蘭以來,俄羅斯加快了對網路的孤立,通過阻止Meta Inc.的Facebook和Instagram以及限制Twitter Inc.來增加國內在線審查。蘋果公司(Apple Inc.)、微軟公司(Microsoft Corp.)和Netflix公司(Netflix Inc.)等公司也限制了他們的存在,而一些外國互聯網服務提供者已經開始撤回服務。

Verdier said he was worried by attempts “to weaponize institutional governance of the Internet.” “I feel we could be close to the fragmentation of the Internet,” he said. “My main concern is...will the unique, neutral, multi-stakeholder, free Internet survive this crisis? I’m not sure.”

Verdier表示,他對試圖"將網路的治理制度武器化"的企圖感到擔憂。我覺得我們可能接近互聯網的碎片化,"他說:我主要擔心的是...獨特的、中立的、多方利益相關者的、自由的互聯網能否在這場危機中倖存下來?我不確定。

A senior US State Department official said the acceleration toward the splinternet was “everything that Putin has ever wanted,” saying his attempt to establish sovereign boundaries in cyberspace was intended to control his people. “He wanted a new Iron Curtain; that’s what he’s doing. He just found an easy way to do it, where everybody’s helping him.”

美國國務院一名高級官員表示,加速分裂是"普京一直想要的一切",稱他試圖在網路空間建立主權邊界的目的是控制他的人民。"他想要一個新的鐵幕;這就是他正在做的事情。他只是找到了一個簡單的方法來做到這一點,每個人都在幫助他。

“A lot of authoritarian countries would quite like a ‘Great Firewall of China’ model but didn’t have that foresight; now some are trying to reverse-engineer it,” said Emily Taylor, research associate at the Oxford Internet Institute, referring to Beijing’s extensive ecosystem of controls that block online content.

"許多威權主義國家非常喜歡'中國防火牆'模式,但沒有這種遠見;現在有些人正試圖對它進行逆向工程,「牛津網路研究所(Oxford Internet Institute)研究員艾米麗·泰勒(Emily Taylor)說,她指的是北京封鎖在線內容的廣泛控制生態系統。Source article: https://www.taipeitimes.com/News/lang/archives/2022/03/29/2003775607

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