每日英語跟讀 Ep.K365: British Museum facing legal action over Parthenon sculptures 3D scan refusal
The British Museum is facing legal action from one of the UK’s leading heritage preservation organizations over its refusal to allow the 3D scanning of a piece in its Parthenon sculptures collection.
大英博物館正面臨英國領導遺產保護組織的法律訴訟，該組織拒絕允許對其帕台農神廟雕塑系列中的一件作品進行 3D 掃描。
The Institute for Digital Archaeology (IDA) said it would serve an injunction against the museum imminently, raising the stakes in the dispute between the two.
數位考古研究所 (IDA) 表示，它將立即對博物館發出禁令，這增加了兩者之間爭端的風險。
“We will be filing a complaint by the end of the week requesting the court to order the British Museum to grant our request,” Roger Michel, the IDA’s executive director, told the Guardian. “We want them to treat our application in exactly the same fashion that they would treat similar requests. Their refusal has been capricious and arbitrary.”
“我們將在本週末提出申訴，要求法院命令大英博物館批准我們的請求，”IDA 執行董事羅傑米歇爾告訴衛報。 “我們希望他們以與處理類似請求完全相同的方式處理我們的申請。他們的拒絕是反复無常和武斷的。”
The Oxford-based institute had hoped, with the museum’s blessing, to reproduce one of the high relief metopes from the Acropolis temple’s south facade as “proof of concept.” In 2016 it reconstructed Syria’s Palymyra arch of triumph out of Egyptian marble based on photographs following the monument’s destruction by Islamic State.
這家位於牛津的研究所曾希望在博物館的支持下，複製雅典衛城神廟南立面的高浮雕牆面之一，作為“概念證明”。 2016 年，它根據紀念碑被伊斯蘭國摧毀後的照片，用埃及大理石重建了敘利亞的 Palymyra 凱旋門。
Advocates believe 3D imaging could be employed to not only create replicas of the classical treasures but help resolve the longstanding row between Athens and London over patrimony of the Parthenon sculptures. Scans would allow a robot sculptor to reproduce the artworks with sub-millimetre accuracy using the same Pentelic marble from which the originals were chiselled, according to the IDA, a supporter of the sculptures’ repatriation to Greece.
支持者認為，3D 成像不僅可以用來製作古典珍品的複製品，還可以幫助解決雅典和倫敦之間關於帕台農神廟雕塑遺產的長期爭執。支持將雕塑送回希臘的 IDA 表示，掃描將允許機器人雕塑家使用與雕刻原件相同的 Pentelic 大理石以亞毫米精度複製藝術品。
The antiquities, regarded as the high point of classical art, have been in the British Museum’s possession since 1816 after their removal from the Parthenon at the behest of Lord Elgin, the British ambassador to the Ottoman empire, which then controlled what is now modern Greece.
這些古物被視為古典藝術的最高點，自 1816 年根據英國駐奧斯曼帝國大使埃爾金勳爵的要求從帕台農神廟移走後，這些古物一直由大英博物館收藏，當時奧斯曼帝國控制著現在的現代希臘.
Successive Greek governments have argued that the antiquities were illegally hacked from the temple at a time when it was a subject nation without voice or sovereignty. The British Museum says they were legally acquired.
歷屆希臘政府都爭辯說，當它是一個沒有發言權或主權的附屬國時，這些文物是從神廟中非法盜取的。大英博物館稱它們是合法獲得的。 Source article: https://www.taipeitimes.com/News/lang/archives/2022/04/05/2003776008