Welcome to 15mins.today the home of English Shadowing. I am your host Gavin, and this is InTense Episode 60.
Well guys, we are busy with verbs. We are busy with action verbs and in the last episode we did transitive verbs, and those are verbs that have an object, a direct object. “The dog ate the bone.” But a lot of times we don't have an object. We have a subject, the dog, “The dog ate.” There is no object, so that is an intransitive verb. “The dog ate.” It's a complete sentence. What did the dog eat? We don't know. We don't care. We just say that the dog ate. “Yes, the dog ate.” We don't ask why there's no object. So, we have a dog which is a noun and the subject and it ate, and that is an intransitive verb, easy as that.
Again, I will reiterate this every episode, please don't worry about this, as long as you know that this is a verb, we are fine. But for those of you are interested, if you ever hear transitive and intransitive, now you know a transitive verb has an object. “The dog ate the ball.” And an intransitive sentence, “The dog ate.” And we use them for things like, “Who called?” And you answer, “Peter called.” OK, so we use them on a daily basis, again, don't worry about it. We will do some examples and if you are really interested you can Google Intransitive Verbs, and if you look you will find lists of them of the most common ones. OK, so let's get started with our examples.
Did Jane agree? Yes, she agreed.
Did Jane agree? No, she did not agree.
Did the baby sleep? Yes, the baby slept.
Did the baby sleep? No, the baby did not sleep.
Does the meeting start at three? Yes, the meeting starts at three.
Does the meeting start at three? No, the meeting does not start at three
Is 7-11 closed? Yes, it is closed
Is 7-11 closed? No, it is not closed.
Is John doing well? Yes, he is doing well.
Is John doing well? No, he is not doing well.
Did he knock? Yes, he knocked.
Did he knock? No, he did not knock.
Was Peter lying? Yes, he was lying.
Was Peter lying? No, he was not lying.
Do fairies exist? Yes, fairies exist.
Do fairies exist? No, fairies do not exist.
Is the car fast? Yes, it is fast.
Is the car fast? No, it is not fast.
Did you study? Yes, I studied.
Did you study? No, I did not study.
Did the cat vomit? Yes, the cat vomited.
Did the cat vomit? No, the cat did not vomit.
Can he swim? Yes, he can swim.
Can he swim? No, he cannot swim well.
There you go guys! Intransitive verbs, some examples. Again, just keep practising the questions and the answers. Don't panic about what they are specifically, as long as you can recognise them as verbs, we are fine. Great, so that is that for action verbs. I will catch you in the next episode, bye, bye!