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Ninety percent of kids in major Taiwanese cities have myopia

台灣都市近九成小朋友近視

· 每日跟讀單元 Daily English

Myopia is increasingly affecting young people in Taiwan, with close to 90 percent of children in Taiwan’s major cities suffering from nearsightedness. If myopia is not controlled and a child’s vision worsens, their eyesight could be damaged, even with treatment. In these cases, it could cause complications such as degeneration, detachment or tearing of the retina, macular degeneration, cataracts and glaucoma. In serious cases surgery may be required, and the complications could even lead to impaired vision.

台灣近視年輕化,台灣都市近九成小朋友近視。小朋友近視若未能控制而惡化,即使治療,視力仍可能受損,將會引發視網膜變性、視網膜剝離、視網膜裂孔、黃斑部退化、白內障、青光眼等併發症。嚴重者需要開刀治療,甚至可能導致失明。

Main preventative treatments for myopia are the application of Atropine drops or wearing corneal reshaping lenses. The more concentrated the Atropine drops are, the more effective they are at controlling the myopia, but the stronger the side effects, including photophobia, blurred vision, will be and, if used incorrectly, they could even drastically exacerbate the myopia.

預防近視,點散瞳劑及配戴角膜塑型片是主要方法。其中散瞳劑的濃度愈高,抑制近視效果愈強,副作用也愈強,包括畏光、視力模糊,但若不規則使用,反而會使近視度數急速增加。

Corneal reshaping lenses are contact lenses to be worn overnight, and must be worn for at least eight hours while sleeping. The biggest problem and greatest risk with these contacts, just as with conventional contact lenses, is infection. If they are not cleaned properly they could breed pathogenic bacteria, leading to corneal infection.

角膜塑型片是夜戴型隱形眼鏡,需要在睡覺時使用至少八小時。塑型片最大缺點和風險是感染,如同一般隱形眼鏡,塑型片若清洗不乾淨,可能會沾黏孳生病源菌,導致角膜感染。

Source article: http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/lang/archives/2017/08/31/2003677461

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