Return to site

每日跟讀#562: Crop prices to increase due to unusually warm winter

暖冬衝擊 荔枝洋蔥蒜頭歉收

· 每日跟讀單元 Daily English
跟著通勤學英語,每日提升英語力!

每日跟讀#562: Crop prices to increase due to unusually warm winter

This winter has been the hottest for 72 years. High temperatures and low rainfall have affected crop growth. According to Council of Agriculture estimates, lychee farms, covering over 7,000 hectares in total, have been impacted, and the production of onions and garlic has fallen significantly. As a result, price fluctuations for these crops will be inevitable.

今年暖冬創下七十二年來新高紀錄,溫度高、雨水少,農作物生長不順。農委會初估荔枝受損面積恐將超過七千公頃,洋蔥、蒜頭產量大減,價格波動恐難免。

High temperatures and water shortages affect crop growth

According to the Agriculture and Food Agency, higher temperatures during warm winters retard crop growth, and water shortages reduce yields. Most seriously affected are onions, garlic and Yuherbao lychees. Pingtung’s Hengchun Peninsula is a major onion-growing area, Yunlin produces garlic, and Kaohsiung and Pingtung are major producers of Yuherbao lychees.

高溫缺水 影響農作物生長

農糧署說明,暖冬影響包含溫度過高,造成農作物生長不順,另有缺水導致產量下跌,目前較嚴重者有洋蔥、蒜頭和玉荷包。洋蔥主要種植地為屏東恆春半島、蒜頭則在雲林,玉荷包為高雄和屏東。

The Agriculture and Food Agency says that onions this year are smaller, with the number of large onions 20% lower than previous years, while some garlic bulbs are not fully grown. The Yuherbao variety of lychee has an earlier production season and is usually harvested in May. This time of year is usually the flowering season for the Yuherbao lychee trees, but this year many have yet to flower, due to the high winter temperatures and low rainfall. It is estimated that 6,500 to 7,800 hectares of lychee farms south of Taichung have been impacted.

農糧署指出,今年洋蔥「長不大」,大球洋蔥數量減少兩成以上;部分蒜頭生長的球莖也不夠飽滿;玉荷包則是荔枝品種中產季較早,通常五月可採收,但由於高溫缺水,原本這時期應陸續開花,但開花不順,台中以南估計恐將有六千五百到七千八百公頃荔枝園受影響。

Lower rainfall means sweeter pineapples

Warm winter and lower rainfall are not necessarily bad for all crops, however. Pineapple farmers in Kaohsiung said that the warm winter and drought increase the enzymes in pineapples. Pineapples are generally 30% sweet and 70% sour, but this year these flavors will be present in equal measure. Also, the pineapples produced this year will have a longer shelf life due to their reduced moisture content. Coffee beans grown in Yunlin’s Gukeng Township, too, are expected to be more plentiful and of better quality this year, as lower rainfall is regarded as conducive to the growth of coffee beans.

水分變少 鳳梨保存更久也更甜

但暖冬少雨對作物也不全然是壞處。高雄鳳梨農說,暖冬乾旱造成酵素多,過去冬天鳳梨三分甜、七分酸,今年半酸半甜,也因鳳梨水分變少,延長保存期限。另雲林古坑地區的咖啡因少雨有利生長,預估咖啡豆產量及品質都會提升。

Source article: http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/lang/archives/2019/03/13/2003711355

更多跟讀練習單元,就在http://www.15mins.today/daily-shadowing
用email訂閱就可以收到所有15mins.Today最新節目通知。
All Posts
×

Almost done…

We just sent you an email. Please click the link in the email to confirm your subscription!

OK