Welcome to 15mins.today the home of English Shadowing. I'm your host Gavin, and this is InTense Episode 53. Well guys we finished with pronouns. Now nouns and their undercover noun partners, pronouns are things, and so we use them to talk about everything in every sentence you have to have basically a noun. Now it would be awesome if it was as simple as that, but of course now we have to talk about the words that describe these nouns and pronouns and those are called adjectives. So, these are words that compliment a noun or a pronoun, so when we talk about the man, but we can say more about him “The man is strong.” That strong describes the man, the dog “The filthy dog.” filthy describes what the dog looks like, or “Thebeautiful dog.” Now of course if we change the dog to it you could say, “It is beautiful.”, same as “The dog is beautiful.” So, pronouns and nouns, when they get described by other words those are called adjectives and they do certain jobs, they tell us the following things like:
What kind of thing is it?
How much of it is there?
Which one is it?
How many of them are there?
So, what kind of dog? A beautiful dog. How much? I want more or less. Which one? The second one, or that one, or those. How many? Several, 25, those are all words that describe nouns or pronouns. Now there are five kinds of adjectives and today we're gonna be looking at the first one, and the first one is simply called common adjectives and their description is this: they describe nouns or pronouns.
So, they are very simple, they are the most basic kind, and again as with pronouns, I wouldn't stress about, oh this is this kind of adjective or that kind, we're going to go through the different kinds, but I think the key here is just to know that the word that you are looking at is not a noun it's not a pronoun, but it's an adjective it sort of helps give us more information about the noun or pronoun. So, let's do some examples!
Is Jane a beautiful woman? Yes, Jane is a beautiful woman.
Is Jane a beautiful woman? No, Jane is not a beautiful woman.
Is John a handsome man? Yes, John is a handsome man.
Is John a handsome man? No, John is not a handsome man.
Is the car expensive? Yes, it is expensive.
Is the car expensive? No, it is not expensive.
Is the kitten cute? Yes, the kitten is cute.
Is the kitten cute? No, the kitten is not cute.
Is Angela efficient? Yes, she is efficient.
Is Angela efficient? No, she is not efficient.
Is Peter rich? Yes, he is rich.
Is Peter rich? No, he is not rich.
Did Andrew and Robert buy six books? Yes, they bought six books.
Did Andrew and Robert buy six books? No, they did not buy six books.
Do you eat much sugar? Yes, I eat much sugar.
Do you eat much sugar? No, I do not eat much sugar.
Will Ethan buy a gold ring? Yes, he will buy a gold ring.
Will Ethan buy a gold ring? No, he will not buy a gold ring.
Did, Lucy eat those chocolates? Yes, she ate those chocolates.
Did Lucy eat those chocolates? No, she did not eat those chocolates.
Well, there you go guys, a quick introduction into adjectives, and our first kind which are common adjectives. Now, if you paid attention or noticed in the first few questions I made a small error, when I did the answers, I did not change the nouns to pronouns, I did not change the names of the people to he, she, it. But I caught myself after a couple of questions and I corrected that, so I hope that helps out. Again, I would stress, as long as you know it is an adjective you're dealing with, you don't really need to stress about what kind of adjective, just as long as you can recognize them. Great, I hope this is helpful and I'll catch you in the next episode, bye, bye!